To obtain a permanent residence permit, a non-EU citizen must be a family member of an EU citizen who has lived in the EU for at least 2 years. Typically, the EU country that hosts the resident will set the number of non-EU citizens that can be admitted. The application process is very similar to that for EU citizens. To be eligible for an EU permanent residence permit, the applicant must have been living in the EU for at least five years.
The Blue Card is aimed at highly-qualified workers and has certain requirements. To apply for a Blue Card, an applicant must hold a university degree and an employment contract in Germany. The person must also earn at least EUR53,600 per year. This salary requirement is lower in areas where the EU is experiencing a skills shortage, such as the medical or engineering fields. Once a Blue Card holder has been in the EU for a certain period of time, they can apply for a Permanent Residence Status.
The status of non-EU citizens must be stable in order to facilitate their integration. Stable residence permits grant access to social security, work, and education. The EU’s Directive on the status of long-term residents establishes what counts as “long-term residence”. A long-term resident must have been legally living in the EU country for at least five years. The person must also have a regular income, comparison of casein and serum health insurance, and must not be a security threat to the country.